The Design and Implementation of Language Learning Chatbot with XAI using Ontology and Transfer Learning


Nuobei SHI, Qin Zeng and Raymond Lee, Beijing Normal University, Hong Kong & Baptist University United International College, China


In this paper, we proposed a transfer learning-based English language learning chatbot, whose output generated by GPT-2 can be explained by corresponding ontology graph rooted by finetuning dataset. We design three levels for systematically English learning, including phonetics level for speech recognition and pronunciation correction, semantic level for specific domain conversation, and the simulation of “free-style conversation” in English - the highest level of language chatbot communication as ‘free-style conversation agent’. For academic contribution, we implement the ontology graph to explain the performance of free-style conversation, following the concept of XAI (Explainable Artificial Intelligence) to visualize the connections of neural network in bionics, and explain the output sentence from language model. From implementation perspective, our Language Learning agent integrated the mini-program in WeChat as front-end, and fine-tuned GPT-2 model of transfer learning as back-end to interpret the responses by ontology graph.


NLP-based Chatbot, Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI), Ontology graph, GPT-2, Transfer Learning.

Full Text  Volume 10, Number 11